To enhance citizen access to Government information and services by establishing plain language as the standard style for Government documents issued to the public, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `Plain Language in Government Communications Act of 2008'.
SEC. 2. PURPOSE.
The purpose of this Act is to improve the Federal Government's effectiveness and accountability to the public by promoting clear communication that the public can understand and use.
SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.
In this Act:
(1) AGENCY.—The term `agency' means an Executive agency, as that term is defined in section 105 of title 5, United States Code.
(2) PLAIN LANGUAGE.—The term `plain language' means language that the intended audience can readily understand and use because it is clear, concise, well-organized, and follows other best practices of plain language writing.
SEC. 4. RESPONSIBILITIES OF FEDERAL AGENCIES.
(a) REQUIREMENT TO
—Within one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, each agency—
(1) shall use plain language in any covered document of the agency issued or substantially revised after the date of the enactment of this Act;
(2) may use plain language in any revision of a covered document issued on or before such date.; and
(3) shall, to the maximum extent practicable, preserve and enhance the role of English by using the English language in all covered documents.
—In implementing subsection (a), an agency may follow either the guidance of the Plain English Handbook, published by the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the Federal Plain Language Guidelines. If any agency has its own plain language guidance, the agency may use that guidance, as long as it is consistent with the Federal Plain Language Guidelines, the Plain English Handbook, published by the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the recommendations made by the Comptroller General under section 5(c).
(c) ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO USE OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE.—Nothing in this Act shall be construed—
(1) to prohibit the use of a language other than English;
(2) to limit the preservation or use of Native Alaskan or Native American languages (as defined in the Native American Languages Act);
(3) to disparage any language or discourage any person from learning or using a language; or
(4) to be inconsistent with the Constitution of the United States.
(c)(d) COVERED DOCUMENT.—In this section, the term `covered document'—
(1) means any document that explains how to obtain a benefit or service or file taxes, or that is relevant to obtaining a benefit or service or filing taxes; and
(e) USE OF PLAIN LANGUAGE BY AGENCIES.—Each agency should, to the extent practicable and appropriate, use plain language in any collection of information (as defined in section 3502(3)(A)(i) of title 44, United States Code).
(2) includes, whether in paper or electronic form, a letter, publication, form, notice, or instruction but does not include a regulation.
(f) INCORPORATION OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS.—Upon issuance of the report provided by the Comptroller General under section 5(c), the Federal Plain Language Guidelines and the Plain English Handbook published by the Securities and Exchange Commission shall be updated to incorporate the recommendations made by the Comptroller General.
SEC. 5. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.
—Within six months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the head of each agency shall submit to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report that describes how the agency intends to meet the following objectives:
(1) Communicating the requirements of this Act to agency employees.
(2) Training agency employees to write in plain language.
(3) Meeting the deadline set forth in section 4(a).
(4) Ensuring ongoing compliance with the requirements of this Act.
(5) Designating a senior official to be responsible for implementing the requirements of this Act.
(6) Using, to the extent practicable and appropriate, plain language in regulations promulgated by the agency.
(b) ANNUAL AND
(1) The head of each agency shall submit to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report on—
(A) compliance with this Act
(B) the agency's continued efforts to meet the objectives specified in subsection (a).
(2) A report under this subsection shall be submitted—
(c) EVALUATION AND REPORT BY COMPTROLLER GENERAL.—Within six months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall evaluate existing guidance for agencies on writing in plain language, including the guidance listed in section 4(b), and provide to the Office of Management and Budget, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report providing recommendations on—
(1)(A) annually for the first two years after the date of the enactment of this Act; and
(2)(B) once every three years thereafter.
(1) plain language guidelines; and
(2) best practices for plain language.